It has 100 years of existence as a city and is the capital of the state of Quintana Roo. It is an area of bright colors: the deep green jungle, the turquoise Caribbean sea and the sky blue, that make it look out of a watercolor.
Chetumal is relatively young, was founded just over a century.
In 1898 Lieutenant Pompey Othon Blanco, founded the village of Payo Obispo where the city now stands. That first settlement grew rapidly and in 1936 was named Chetumal, in tribute to a Mayan village in that area called Chac-Temal.
On October 8, 1974 Chetumal was established in the capital of the new state of Quinta Roo na intended to promote the federal territory of the federation.
The name comes from Chactemal, which in Mayan means "place where trees grow red."
Another possible translation is: Chaac means "rain" as the god of rain, tea means "there", and emal means "down", ie "Where fall rains."
Chetumal is located at the far end of the Caribbean Sea coast belonging to Mexico, at the point where the Rio Hondo flows into the Bay of
Chetumal and is located at an altitude of 10 meters above sea level.
Chetumal is located in a flat area as is characteristic of the entire Yucatan Peninsula, two of its ends, the east and southeast, culminating in the Bay of Chetumal
It is located 388 kilometers south of the resort of Cancun, 388 kilometers southeast of Merida, Yucatan, and a distance of about 1,550 kilometers southeast of Mexico City.
There used English-style wooden houses by Belize British influence in the region very different.
The city of Chetumal has a climate classified as warm subhumid with summer rains, the annual average temperature recorded is 26.4 ° C, the lowest annual average has reached record was 24.4 ° C in 1965, while higher than 27.8 ° C in 1997, 7 the average annual rainfall is 1133.7 mm of rain.
The climate is characterized by high temperatures most of the year and high humidity. Logged normally intense heat during the morning and midday, later recording light showers during the afternoon, swooping temperature to have cool nights.
Although it is a city that could be affected by hurricanes by its geographical location is less than the north of Quintana Roo as in the Cancun and the Riviera Maya.
It varies according to climate, lowland to highland jungle. The forest wealth is a source of state revenue, since the company produces top quality woods such as mahogany, red cedar, spring, rosewood and oak, these species constitute two thirds of the state forest area.
Other minor species are ebony, acacia and huanacaxtle. Non-timber species, the most important is the sapodilla tree which is extracted to produce the gum resin, which is exported in its entirety.
Fish: shiner or topotecan, or molis potetes flag sheepshead minnows, grouper, snapper, bream, mullet and snapper.
Reptiles: pochitoque, turtle, crocodile, iguana, iguana striped pasarríos, lizard, boa, WR, rat snake, cordelillo, Bejuquillo, viper chirrionera, nauyaca, rattlesnake and cliff.
Birds: heron, egret, pedretes, spoonbills, ibises, flamenco, pintail, blue-winged teal, scaup, teals, Pijije, coot, red head buzzard, vulture real, osprey, black pheasant, horned guan, chachalacas, cut or brush turkey, water cock, plover, pigeon, Grand Duke Owl, Barn Owl, nightjars, cuerpouines, anis, cuckoos, roadrunners, Kingfisher, earwigs, toucan, true peak, woodpeckers, nuthatches, chompipis , pitivirrín colorado, swallow, mildew, and dominiquito calender.
Mammals: opossum, weasel, horse, mouse, opossum, bats, spider monkey, armadillo, anteater, squirrel, gopher, rice mouse, rat javelin, agouti, actual gopher, rabbit, jaguar, ocelot, ocelot, puma, ounce or lion, fox, kinkajou, raccoon, coati, kinkajou, skunk, otter, tapir, wild pig (peccary), white-tailed deer and brocket.
INEGI Based on 73% of the population is Catholic
The main economic activity is the import trade, tourism, ecotourism, agriculture, fisheries and livestock.
As for the costumes there are none that identifies itself to this region, including hipil so characteristic of Yucatecan woman not used here because among the initial population was of English people who had come by
Belize and brought a dress completely foreign to the rest of the peninsula. This, together with the customs in dress of people began arriving in central Mexico and bringing customs rather Frenchified prevented to establish this form of identity.
Dance and Music
It is home to the celebrations of the International Festival of Caribbean Culture in November.
The carnival begins in Chetumal around 1912, brought by chicle and strong English influence their relationship with Belize. Originally this carnival had a particular attraction for the population: the troupe. This was a kind of journal in which satirized the rhythm of music, dance and song festival, the most important events that had taken place the previous months.
Although Quinta Roo traditions are similar to those of the rest of the Yucatan Peninsula, migration to Belize during the Caste War, led to a cultural and culinary fusion that is reflected in Chetumal as the Belizean populations Rio Hondo vera.
Chetumal's cuisine is strongly influenced by the culinary traditions of Yucatan and the flavors of other cultures, achieving a strong blend of flavor and color.
It is based mainly on seafood, but also important is the consumption of red meat, mainly tepescuincle and deer.
Other typical dishes are the cochinita pibil, poc-chuc, shark empanadas, tamales xpelon, Queen's arm, the kibis (of Lebanese origin), the mucbipollo (a kind of tamale dough nixtamal fact, wrapped in banana leaves stuffed with chicken or pork and spices, baked in the ground), the cheese filling (Dutch Edam cheese stuffed with ground beef or pork, olives and capers), Pil-pil fish with coconut oil and chigua frit, which is similar to a fish mojarra. You can also mention the popular Rice and Beans Belizean home, which is simply a mixture of rice and beans.
The traditional desserts are sweets Chetumal fruit in syrup, boiled in water with sugar and cinnamon, as are the sweet ciricote (kind of plum), the Nance or nanche (a little yellow fruit, flavor sweet, strong aroma and round bone) and the papaya; besides famous crushed, which are a variation of the known scraping or ice cubes with the difference that no fruit syrup is used, but the fruit pulp with milk , condensed milk and cinnamon.
Among the typical drinks include corn gruel, the Xtabentún (liquor prepared from fermented honey) that can be served cold or iced coffee and fresh fruit waters. Pamper your palate and dare to enjoy all these delicacies popular in the region and visit The arrachera of Don José, La Botana of pelicans, Aluxes, Strangers or the wooden house, where you can find these exquisite dishes plus other culinary and abroad.